FLAME can be obtained from Github. It can also be downloaded directly.


  • FLAME requires autoconf and automake.
  • IMPORTANT NOTE: currently only automake up to version 1.15.1 is supported due to changes introduced in later versions that break the Makefile structure.
  • GNU and Intel Fortran and C compiler are tested for compiling FLAME. However, we recommend using the Intel Fortran and C compiler.
  • FLAME has to be linked to Blas, LaPack, and FFT libraries. They can be obtained as part of the Intel Math Kernel Library (MKL), which is the recommended route. In principle, other implementations of the libraries should also work.
  • Linking to Atsushi Togo’s SPGLIB is recommended. The currently supported and well-tested version is 1.6.x.
  • Linking to LAMMPS requires the installation of LAMMPS with the desired potentials. The best supported and well-tested version is r12824.
  • Futile is required, a library of tools developed as part of the BigDFT project.
  • Installation of python is required. Currently, only python 2.7 is supported. Future releases of FLAME will support python 3.

Installing FLAME on Linux

It is recommended to install FLAME in a different directory than the source code.

  • First, install futile which is a set of utilities from the BigDFT project. Preferably, use the version provided with FLAME to avoid conflicts.
    1 – Untar the included futile-suite.tar.gz (tar -zxvf futile-suite.tar.gz)
    2 – Create a new build directory (e.g., mkdir futile-build ; cd futile-build), and from there run:

    • for GNU compilers:path_to_futile_source/ build futile -c CC=gcc CXX=g++ FC=gfortran F77=gfortran --with-ext-linalg="-llapack -lblas"
    • for Intel compilers:path_to_futile_source/ build futile -c FCFLAGS=-O2 \
      --with-ext-linalg="-L$MKLROOT/lib/intel64 \
      -lmkl_rt -lmkl_scalapack_lp64 -lmkl_blacs_openmpi_lp64 -liomp5 -lm" \
      CC=icc CXX=icpc FC=ifort F77=ifort
    • for parallel compilation use the corresponding MPI wrappers: path_to_futile_source/ build futile -c FCFLAGS=-O2 \
      --with-ext-linalg="-L$MKLROOT/lib/intel64 \
      -lmkl_rt -lmkl_scalapack_lp64 -lmkl_blacs_openmpi_lp64 -liomp5 -lm" \
      CC=mpicc CXX=mpicxx FC=mpif90 F77=mpif90
  • Run make build if necessary. Make sure to adapt the library locations and the linking flags appropriately. After the installation of the futile, we need to link it with FLAME. To display details on the general linking procedure, run: path_to_futile_source/ link futile
  • To compile FLAME, change into the main FLAME directory and run: autoreconf -fi
  • Create a build directory for FLAME (e.g.,mkdir build-FLAME ; cd build-FLAME). Explicitly replace $FUTILE with the full path of the futile build-directory during configure, or define it as an environmental variable: export FUTILE=path_to_futile_build.
    Note that providing the FUTILE variable is required to successfully compile FLAME, and is not optional.
    Run configure

    • For Intel compilers and MPI parallelization:path_to_flame_source/configure FC=mpif90 F77=mpif90 CXX=mpicc CC=mpicc \
      FCFLAGS="-I$FUTILE/install/include -shared-intel -mcmodel=large -mkl=sequential" \
      CFLAGS=-mcmodel=large "LIBS=-L$FUTILE/install/lib \
      -L/$MKLROOT/lib/intel64 -lfutile-1 -lmkl_rt \
      -lmkl_scalapack_lp64 -lmkl_blacs_openmpi_lp64 -liomp5 -lm -lyaml -ldl -lrt -cxxlib"
    • For GNU compilers without MKL: path_to_flame_source/configure FC=mpif90 F77=mpif90 CXX=mpicc CC=mpicc \
      FCFLAGS="-I$FUTILE/install/include -mcmodel=large" \
      CFLAGS=-mcmodel=large "LIBS=-L$FUTILE/install/lib \
      -lfutile-1 -lm -lyaml -llapack -lfftw3 -ldl -cxxlib"
    • To link with SPGLIB, append --with-spglib SPGLIB_ROOT=path_to_spglib
    • To link with the BigDFT PSolver, append --with-bps BDIR=path_to_bigdft_root
    • To link with LAMMPS, append --with-lammps LAMMPS_ROOT=path_to_lammps_root
  • Run make to compile the code. Upon successful compilation, the executable can be found in src/flame